Linha de Luz XDS

The XDS beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Diffraction and Spectroscopy in the hard x-rays (5 to 30 keV) energy range. It focuses on determination of atomic, electronic and magnetic structure of materials with applications to condensed matter physics, chemistry, geosciences, among others. Several sample environments are available at XDS: high pressure cells to subject samples up to 80 GPa, magnetic field of 6 T magnet for diffraction experiments, cryostat for temperatures as low as 1.8 K, furnaces for temperatures up to 1200 K.

The X-ray Diffraction and Spectroscopy (XDS) beamline uses the radiation emitted by the Superconducting Wiggler source and is employed for multipurpose experiments. Some of the diffraction experiments demand control of the horizontal divergence, only achievable with sagittal focusing in a double crystal monochromator. On the other hand, the use of flat crystals and focusing with a toroidal mirror was considered to be the best choice for XAS measurements. These apparently contradictory requirements from the diffraction and absorption community led us to introduce a flexible configuration for this beamline. According to this concept, the beamline operates with a collimating mirror with bender (with Si, Rh and Pt stripes), a double crystal monochromator (DCM) with two interchangeable sets of crystals [plane Si(111), sagittal Si(111) and plane Si(311)], and a focusing mirror with three stripes (toroidal Rh, plane Rh and toroidal Pt) and a bending mechanism to allow for focus adjustments.


Para mais informações sobre a linha de luz, entre em contato.


As técnicas e configurações experimentais a seguir estão disponíveis nesta linha de luz. Para saber mais sobre as limitações e requerimentos das técnicas, contate o coordenador da linha de luz antes de submeter sua proposta.

  • X-ray spectroscopy of elements at 4th row of periodic table;
  • X-ray diffraction under high pressure (HP-XRD);
  • X-ray spectroscopy under high pressure (HP-XAS);
  • Pair distribution function (PDF);
  • Diffraction Anomalous Fine Structure (DAFS);
  • Resonant/magnetic x-ray diffraction (XRMS);
  • Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS / X-ray Raman);
  • Grazing incidence x-ray scattering (GI-XRD).


Elemento Tipo Posição [m] Descrição
Source Insertion Device 0.0 Insertion Device W09A, 4T Superconducting Wiggler, 1.28 x 0.023 m2
M1 Cylindrical Vertical Collimating Mirror 11.0 Si, Rh and Pt coated stripes, θ=2.75 mrad
Mono Double Crystal Monochromator 13.5 Cryo-cooled flat Si(111) and Si(311) pairs; Si(111) with sagital bending
M2 Cylindrical and Toroidal Focusing Mirror 16.0 Rh and Pt coated, θ=2.75 mrad, bending mechanism for vertical focusing, toroidal stripes for horizontal focusing, flat Rh stripe for use with sagittal focusing or unfocus mode


Parâmetro Valor Condição
Energy range [keV] 5-30 Si(111) and Si(311)
Energy resolution [ΔE/E] 5 x 1012 10-4 Si(111)
Energy resolution [ΔE/E]  10-4 10-5 Si(311)
Beam size at sample [µm2, FWHM] 1400 x 300 at 10 keV
Beam divergence at sample [mrad2, FWHM] 2.5 x 0.4 at 10 keV
Flux density at sample [ph/s/mm2] 5 x 1012 at 10 keV


Instrumento Tipo Modelo Fabricante Especificações
Detector Area Pilatus 300K Area 83.8 × 106.5 mm2. Pixel size: 172 x 172 µm2, 1kHz frame rate. Dectris
Detector Fluorescence SiLi 12 element PGT
Furnace Capillary HTK 1200N Max Temp.: 1200ºC, Temp Rate: 50°C/min Anton Paar
Diffractometer 6+2 circle 6 circle diffractometer Huber
Sample Cell High pressure Diamond anvil cell Membrane and screw driven Can reach up to 80 GPa LNLS in-house development, Syntek, Princeton
Cryostats JT Cryostat Minimum temp.:1.2 K Closed loop cryostat A S Scientific
Magnet SC cryo-free 6 T HTS-11 Superconducting magnet HTS 110


All beamline controls are done through SPEC software.


Usuários devem declarar a utilização das instalações do LNLS em qualquer publicação, como artigos, apresentações em conferências, tese ou qualquer outro material publicado que utilize dados obtidos na realização de sua proposta.


Adicionalmente, em caso de publicação relacionada a esta instalação, favor citar o artigo abaixo.

F. A. Lima et al.,  XDS: a flexible beamline for X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy at the Brazilian synchrotron, J. Synchrotron Rad. (2016). 23, 1538–1549

The majority of the beamlines at the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Source Laboratory (LNLS) use radiation produced in the storage-ring bending magnets and are therefore currently limited in the flux that can be used in the harder part of the X-ray spectrum (above ∼10 keV). A 4 T superconducting multipolar wiggler (SCW) was recently installed at LNLS in order to improve the photon flux above 10 keV and fulfill the demands set by the materials science community. A new multi-purpose beamline was then installed at the LNLS using the SCW as a photon source. The XDS is a flexible beamline operating in the energy range between 5 and 30 keV, designed to perform experiments using absorption, diffraction and scattering techniques. Most of the work performed at the XDS beamline concentrates on X-ray absorption spectroscopy at energies above 18 keV and high-resolution diffraction experiments. More recently, new setups and photon-hungry experiments such as total X-ray scattering, X-ray diffraction under high pressures, resonant X-ray emission spectroscopy, among others, have started to become routine at XDS. Here, the XDS beamline characteristics, performance and a few new experimental possibilities are described.



Abaixo está disponível a lista de artigos científicos produzidos com dados obtidos nas instalações desta Linha de Luz e publicados em periódicos indexados pela base de dados Web of Science.

Atenção Usuários: Dada a importância dos resultados científicos anteriores para a processo geral de avaliação das propostas, recomenda-se que os Usuários verifiquem e atualizem suas publicações no portal SAU Online. 

Ceppi, S.A.;Stutz, G. E.. Influence of partially occupied sites on the near-edge structure in beta-rhombohedral boron: An X-ray Raman scattering study, Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, v. 258, 2022. DOI:10.1016/j.elspec.2022.147207

Führer, M. ;van Haasterecht, T. ;Masoud, N. ;Barrett, D. H.;Verhoeven, T. ;Hensen, E. J. M. ;Tromp, M.;Rodella, C. B.;Bitter, H.. The Synergetic Effect of Support-oxygen Groups and Pt Particle Size in the Oxidation of a-D-glucose: A Proximity Effect in Adsorption, ChemCatChem, p.e202200493, 2022. DOI:10.1002/cctc.202200493

Ferreira, W. C. ;Araújo, B. S. ;Gómez, M. A. P. ;Medeiros, F. E. O. ;Paschoal, C. W. A.;Silva, C. B. da ;Freire, P. de T. C.;Kaneko, U. F.;Ardito, F. M.;Souza Neto, N. M.;Ayala, A. P.. Pressure-Induced Structural and Optical Transitions in Luminescent Bulk Cs4PbBr6, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v.126, n.1, p.541–550, 2022. DOI:10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c07526

Figueiredo, A. G. de ;Cantarino, M. R. ;Silva Neto, W. R. da;Pakuszewski, K. R. ;Grossi, R. M. ;Christovam, D. S.;Souza, J. C.;Piva, M. M.;Freitas, G. S. ;Pagliuso, P. G.;Adriano, C.;Garcia, F. A.. Orbital localization and the role of the Fe and As 4p orbitals in BaFe2As2 probed by XANES, Physical Review B, v.105, n.4, p.045130, 2022. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.105.045130

Pereira, A. F. F.de F.;Gomes, P. de A. ;Pinto, C. da C.;Rebelo, Q. H. F.;Ghosh, A.;Trichês, D. M.;Lima, J. C. de;Souza, S. M. de. High-pressure studies of a biphasic NiTiSn/Ni2TiSn Heusler alloy by in situ X-ray diffraction and first principle calculations, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v.905, p. 164149, 2022. DOI:10.1016/j.jallcom.2022.164149

Ferreira Jr., M. de N. G. ;Paraguassu, W. ;Santos, A. O.;Remédios, C. M. R.. Pressure-induced phase transitions in MBANP crystal: A study by synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy, Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, v.272, p.120944, 2022. DOI:10.1016/j.saa.2022.120944


XDS: Visão Geral / Overview

Visão geral da cabana experimental da Linha de Luz XDS mostrando algumas das configurações experimentais.

Overview of the XDS experimental hutch showing some of the experimental setups.

XDS: Célula de Bigorna de Diamantes / Diamond Anvil Cell

Célula de bigorna de diamantes sendo iluminada por sistema de medida de luminescência de rubi para experimentos de difração de raios X em condições de altas pressões.

Diamond Anvil Cell illuminated by ruby luminescence measurement system for X-ray diffraction experiments at high pressure conditions .